Local Control Funding Formula (LCFF)


The Local Control Funding Formula, enacted through the 2013-14 state budget, is the new system for calculating funding for most public schools in California. Each district receives a “base grant” per student, plus additional “supplemental and concentration” grants for targeted students who are low income, foster youth, or English-Language Learners.

Eligible Child or Adolescent Populations

All K-12 students in public schools are eligible for LCFF funds, with more funding for targeted students who are low income, in foster care, or English-Language Learners.

Services Covered

LCFF funds almost every service provided by public schools, including teacher salaries, classroom materials, and facilities. LCFF can be used for school-based mental health programs and staff, including social workers, counselors, nurses, and psychologists.

Given that LCFF is in its early stages of implementation, it is not yet clear what evidence-based practices LCFF will support.

Funding Process

School districts are currently receiving LCFF funds, which will increase through 2020. Districts must submit a three-year Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP) and annual LCAP updates to their County Office of Education. The LCAP must demonstrate how funds will be used to support targeted students in eight distinct state priorities. It is estimated that, after years of cuts, at full implementation, LCFF will bring school funding back to at least 2007 levels.

The state priorities most linked to student mental health include “pupil engagement” as measured in part by attendance and “school climate” as measured in part by suspension and expulsion rates.

Additional Information

California Department of Education – Local Control Funding Formula: Click here to learn more.

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